Metal Lathe Tools : Cutoff / Parting Tools

  • Angles shown are good for hobbyists; grinds for production shops should consult a specialist.

  • Angles shown are the effective angles, not the ground angles. Effective angles are increased or decreased, based on the angle by which the tool is presented against the work. Additionally, the vertical alignment of the tool (vs. the center line of the work) can also change the effective Front Relief Angle.

  • All angles are given the nomenclature designated by the American Standards Association (ASA).
Carbide vs. HSS
Material Compressive Strength Shear Strength Max Usable Temp. *
Cemented Carbide Higher Lower 1,800 °F
HSS Lower Higher 950 - 1,100 °F

* Temperature at which the tool material begins to soften appreciably. For HSS, it depends on the level of cobalt in the HSS.


Tool Shape - Side View

Use Front Relief Angle Comments
Recom. Range
General
5° - 10° Angles shown are the recommended effective angles, not the ground angles. Greater relief angle will be needed when an upward-facing angle of presentation of the tool is used.

Tool Shape - Top View

Use Front Cutting Edge Angle Comments
Recom. Range
General 90° 70° - 110° 90° is recommended, but some like to skew the cutting edge. I've found that problematic on T-shaped cutters as they will tend to drift to one side.


Notes & Comments
Information regarding Grindstones


Tormek Tool Rest SVD-110
Tormek AngleMaster WM-200

Tormek is a copyrighted logo of Tormek AB. Its presentation on this site is used to help the user quickly understand when specific Tormek tools, jigs, or setting are being used. For specific information regarding Tormek AB, or its products, please refer to the www.Tormek.com.


About this site
Remember : The goal of sharpening is to produce sharp tools, and these tools can injure you if mishandled. Safety measures should be followed to protect yourself and those in your shop. Be sure to read and follow all instructions from the manufacturer, and and utilize proper safety equipment. Never consume alcohol or anything that could impair your judgement before sharpening tools, or using sharp tools. Comments can be sent via eMail to me at SharpeningHandbook@Gmail.com.