Resharpening should be done when the wear land reaches 1.5 mm (1/16 inch) high.
Angles shown are for either Carbide or HSS
Angles shown are the effective angles, not the ground angles. Effective angles are increased or decreased, based on the angle by which the tool is presented against the work. Additionally, the vertical alignment of the tool (vs. the center line of the work) can also change the effective Front Relief Angle.
All angles are given the nomenclature designated by the American Standards Association (ASA).
Carbide vs. HSS
Max Usable Temp. *
950 - 1,100 °F
* Temperature at which the tool material begins to soften appreciably. For HSS, it depends on the level of cobalt in the HSS.
The definitive source is Leo J. St. Clair's book from 1952 titled, Design and Use of Cutting Tools. He was working in the industry as it was changing from HSS to carbide, so both are covered well. His expermental data helps validate or disprove many theories. Unfortunately, this book is hard to find.
If grinding this on a high speed grinder, be sure to manage the temperature so that the temper is not lost due to overheating.
If there is a carbide insert, DO NOT cool by dipping in water. This will cause the carbide to crack due to shocks.
Otherwise, cool by dipping as needed in water.
For resharpening, a contour gauge like shown below is recommended. One should be made for each tool, and it should be numbered to match the tool's number.
Tormek Tool Rest SVD-110
Tormek AngleMaster WM-200
Tormek is a copyrighted logo of Tormek AB. Its presentation on this site is used to help the user quickly understand when specific Tormek tools, jigs, or setting are being used. For specific information regarding Tormek AB, or its products, please refer to the www.Tormek.com.
Remember : The goal of sharpening is to produce sharp tools, and these tools can injure you if mishandled. Safety measures should be followed to protect yourself and those in your shop. Be sure to read and follow all instructions from the manufacturer, and and utilize proper safety equipment. Never consume alcohol or anything that could impair your judgement before sharpening tools, or using sharp tools.
Comments can be sent via eMail to me at SharpeningHandbook@Gmail.com.